Cloves offer many health benefits, some of which include aid in digestion, fighting against cancer, protecting the liver, boosting the immune system, controlling diabetes, preserving bone quality, and containing anti-mutagenic and anti-microbial properties, as well as fighting against oral diseases and headaches, while also displaying aphrodisiac properties.
World production is estimated to be 63,700 tonnes. Indonesia alone accounts for 66 % of the world production. The important clove growing regions in India now are the Nilgiris, Tirunelveli and Kanyakumari districts of Tamil Nadu, Calicut, Kottayam, Quilon and Trivandrum districts of Kerala and South Kanara district of Karnataka.
- Food processing industry uses both whole and ground form of cloves in various preparations. Clove oil is used in perfumeries, pharmaceuticals and flavouring industries.
- Clove oleoresin is also increasingly used in the food processing industry.
- In Indonesia, the major part is absorbed for making KRETEK cigarette industry. The clove is an evergreen tree often reaching a height of 7 to 15 metres.
- Leaves possess plenty of oil glands on the lower surface.
- Clove is strictly a tropical plant and requires a warm humid climate having a temperature of 20 to 300C.
- Humid atmospheric condition and a well distributed annual rainfall of 150 to 250 cm are essential.
- It thrives well in all situations ranging from sea level up to an altitude of 1500 metres and also in places proximal to and away from sea.
- Deep black loam soil with high humus content found in the forest region is best suited for clove cultivation.
- It grows satisfactorily on laterite soils,clay loams and rich black soils having good drainage. Sandy soil is not suitable.
- It is extremely aromatic brown shaded flower buds that help to prepare aromatic products and enhances the taste of foods.
- However, the health benefits of this plant would surely astonish you. The clove is a great source of medical aid.
- Clove eradicates tooth ache, skin problems, gum irritation and many more. Although the spice is harvested in numerous locations like India, Bangladesh, Tanzania to name a few, the Andaman Plantations nurtured at the Andaman and Nicobar Islands deserves special mention. Let’s discuss about the product that comes from clove.
- Cloves are used for a large variety of purposes; not they are used in very small quantities for cooking but they are also used on an industrial scale in the manufacture of various goods as well.
These are some of the products made using clove in their manufacturing.
- Flavouring agent in food and beverages
However, Andaman Plantations is the largest private planters in Andaman & Nicobar Islands since 1926 cultivating Noni, Coconut, Arecanut, Cloves, Black Pepper, Cinnamon and Mango Ginger. Andaman Plantations area is a total of 12, 00 acres spread over 5 plantations – Minnebay, Mithakhari, Bambooflat, Chunnabhatta and North Bay. All plantations are accessible by road and sea.