The List of Languages Spoken in India

India is a large populated area with variety of food, religion and culture. Similarly, different variety of languages is spoken in India. There is estimation that there are more than hundred languages, which are spoken in Asian sub-continent. But the official language of India is Hindi which is in the form of Devangari scripting style whereas, English is considered to be the second widely spoken official language of the India. The authoritative, governmental and judicial language of India is also English. 

 

Most of the languages that are spoken in India belong to two major families of language that are Aryan and Dravidian. The languages that are spoken in south India belong to the Dravidian family whereas; the languages that are spoken in north India belong to Aryan family. There is a huge difference between the scripting styles of Aryan and Dravidian languages. 

 

Sometimes tourists in India face the problem of communication while interacting with the hotel staff or with the local community. There are different tourist agencies that not only provide proper tour of India but also provide a guide who knows more than one local language of India in order to communicate with the foreign tourists of Germany, France, Japan and China and with local community of India. 

 

Mostly tourists and travelers are very keen in learning one or two phrase or a sentence of mostly commonly used language of any part of the country. There is a brief description about the following most important languages that are widely spoken in India. 

 

Assamese:

It is an eastern Indo-Aryan language and approximately twenty million population of India speaks it in different states of Assam, Meghalaya and Arunachal Pradesh. It is also spoken in some areas of Bangladesh and Bhutan. This language has a very close relation with Bengali and Oriya language. 

 

Bengali:

This language also belongs to the Indo-Aryan language and spoken by 211 million people, in Bangladesh which is the Indian state of West Bengal. Bengali is the official language of West Bengal. 

 

Gujarati:

It is an Indo-Aryan language and is spoken by 46 million people in different states of Gujarat, Maharashtra, Rajasthan, Karnataka and Madhya Pradesh. Gujarati is the official language of Gujarat.

 

Hindi:

Hindi is also among the official languages of India and is widely spoken and used in the different Northern states of Rajasthan, Delhi, Haryana, Uttarakhand, Uttar Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh, Chhattisgarh, Himachal Pradesh, Jharkhand and Bihar. It is also an Indo-Aryan language and is spoken by 487 million populations around the India.

 

Urdu:

It is an Indo-Aryan language and is spoken by 104 million people around India. It is also the national and the official language of the Pakistan. It is closely related with the Hindi language as most of the words, which are adopted in Urdu language, are similarly used in Hindi language. Urdu language also has great effect of Arabic and Persian language. It is also said that Urdu language has borrowed lot of words from Persian and Arabic language whereas; Hindi language adopted more of the words from Sanskrit language. Due to increasing popularity of learning Urdu language, many Urdu learning institutions and Urdu online websites are being established.

 

Kannada:

It belongs to the Dravidian language and is spoken by approximately 44 million people in different states of Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh, Tamil Nadu and Maharashtra. In South Indian state of Karnataka, it is also used as the official language. 

 

Kashmiri:

It is an Indo-Aryan language and is spoken by 4.5 million people in India and Pakistan. There are many alphabets which are taken from the Urdu version of the Arabic script.

 

Konkani:

It is the official language of Goa. There are about 2.5 million people around the India, who speaks Konkani. It is also an Indo-Aryan language and is spoken in different parts of India like Goa, Karnataka, Kerala and Maharashtra. 

 

Malayalam:

It is a Dravidian language of South India. There are about 35 million people and is spoken in Kerala, and the neighboring states of Tamil Nadu and Karnataka.

 

Manipuri:

It is the official language of Northern Indian state of Manipur. 1.6 million People in Manipur, Bangladesh and Myanmar speak it. 

 

Marathi:

It is an Indo-Aryan language and is spoken by 71 million people in the Indian state of Maharashtra and it is also the official language of Maharashtra. 

 

Odia:

It is an Indo-Aryan language and closely related to Bengali and Assamese language. 31 million people in different Indian states of Odisha, West Bengal, Jharkhand and Gujarat speak it. It is also the official language of Odisha. 

 

Punjabi:

Punjabi is the official language of Punjab and also belongs to Indo-Aryan language. 60 million people in India and Pakistan speak it. The scripting style of Punjabi language is Gurumukhi.

 

 Sanskrit:

It is one of the oldest languages of the world and the traditional language of Indians.

 

Tamil:

It is a Dravidian language and is spoken by 79 million people in several South Indian state of Tamil Nadu and in the country of Sri Lanka. It is the official language of Tamil Nadu.

 

Telugu:

It is also a Dravidian language and is spoken by 75 million people in the South Indian state of Andhra Pradesh and in the neighboring states of Karnataka, Tamil Nadu, Orissa, Maharashtra and Chhattisgarh. It is the official language of Andhra Pradesh. 

 

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